25/10/2020

Syriac Progressive Youth and Revolutionary Youth Movement visit ancient city of Nabada, Tel Beydar

HASAKAH / TAL BEYDAR, Syria – In a joint activity, the Syriac Progressive Youth and the Revolutionary Youth Movement visited the ancient city of Nabada in the village of Tal Beydar, 35 kilometres northeast of Hasakah city in the Khabur. The two youth organizations toured the archaeological site and palace and Syriac Orthodox Fr Ibrahim Kass Ibrahim gave  introductory comments on the site, its archelogy, and its place within the history of the Syriacs (Arameans-Assyrians-Chaldeans).

Tel Beydar was the Ancient Near Eastern city of Nabada first settled during around 2600 BC. It is considered one of the oldest historical places of Aramean-Assyrian-Chaldean civilization in Beth Nahrin (Mesopotamia), and one of the oldest testimonies to Syriac’s ancient presence in North and East Syria.

The excavation’s website – excavations took place between 1992-2010 – tells us that Nabada or Tell Beydar is located in Upper Mesopotamia and more precisely in the Upper Gozarto (Jazira) Region, a region called “Khabur Triangle”, a sort of delta without sea, formed by the tributaries of the Euphrates main affluents.

According to the excavation archaeologists, Syria’s earliest written documents, mostly tablets with agricultural records, were discovered here (~ 2425 BC). The language used in the tablets is a variant of the Semitic Akkadian language and the personal names referred to were also Semitic. At that time the city was a major town of the Kingdom of Nagar (Tell Brak). In the Akkadian period (~ 2330-2100 BC), the size of the city is drastically reduced only to be reoccupied, after a long interruption, in the Greek period (~ 175-50 BC).

Location and map of the Syrian Jezirah (from Martin Sauvage). Image: www.beydar.org